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Original Theory & Research

Interprofessional Approach to Educating Medical Students on Pediatric Medication Taste and Palatability

Authors:

Bailey Howard ,

University of Maryland School of Medicine, US
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Jessica M. Biggs,

University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, US
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MacKenzie Crist,

University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, US
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Omayma A. Kishk,

University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, US
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Rebecca G. Carter,

University of Maryland School of Medicine, US
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Regina A. Macatangay

University of Maryland School of Medicine, US
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Abstract

INTRODUCTION Medication palatability is one of many factors influencing medication adherence in the pediatric population, but there is limited research into medical students’ knowledge of this relationship. The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge and beliefs of medical students regarding pediatric medication characteristics, administration, taste, and effect of palatability on adherence before and after an interprofessional education session. METHODS Pharmacy colleagues taught a lecture addressing pediatric pharmacology, patient cases, medication administration strategies, and methods to enhance adherence. Participants had the opportunity to taste amoxicillin, cefdinir, clindamycin, prednisolone, and ranitidine. Students completed a survey before and after the education session, and a poll during the taste test. RESULTS Prior to the session, students had very few lecture hours devoted to these topics and the majority were unfamiliar with medication flavoring and administration to children. After the session, 94% of students stated their opinion on the importance of medication palatability had changed. There was a significant improvement in students’ beliefs about their pharmacology knowledge (p < 0.0001). Additionally, 40% changed their patient counseling habits after the session. DISCUSSION Taste heavily influences pediatric medication adherence, and studies show physicians who taste the medications they prescribe have altered their practices based on that experience. Additionally, interprofessional collaboration between pharmacists and providers is beneficial for both parties as well as patients and the healthcare system. CONCLUSION This study shows an interprofessional education session effectively teaches medical students about pediatric medication taste, adherence, and pharmacology.

How to Cite: Howard, B., Biggs, J.M., Crist, M., Kishk, O.A., Carter, R.G. and Macatangay, R.A., 2021. Interprofessional Approach to Educating Medical Students on Pediatric Medication Taste and Palatability. Health, Interprofessional Practice and Education, 4(2), p.eP2148. DOI: http://doi.org/10.7710/2641-1148.2148
Published on 07 Jul 2021.
Peer Reviewed

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