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Original Theory & Research

Comparing the Efficacy of Interprofessional versus Single Profession Teams in Promoting Quality Conversations About Advance Care Planning

Authors:

Sabina Kupershmidt ,

University of South Dakota, US
About Sabina
Dr. Kupershmidt has been an Assistant Professor at USD in the School of Health Sciences (SHS) and Nursing since November 2015. In October 2018, she was appointed chair of the Interprofessional Health and Education Center (IHEC) where she plans, organizes and evaluates student and faculty IPE activities. From June 2020 – June 2021, she held the position as the Interim Program Director for the Ph.D. in Health Sciences program. Her prior qualifications include a professional career that spans from Principal Investigator of a federally funded biomedical research lab, to research administration and private business. The overall goal of her research and scholarship activities at USD are to define and evaluate alternative, complementary and integrative approaches to health care delivery in rural settings through collaborative teams. Her research is aligned with her teaching responsibilities through continuous collaboration with colleagues from other professions represented at IHEC and by numerous community practice partners who are key partners in her ongoing grant efforts.
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Helene Hegge,

University of South Dakota, US
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Haifa AbouSamra,

University of South Dakota, US
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Cheryl Fischbach,

University of South Dakota, US
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Carla Dieter,

University of South Dakota, US
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Whitney Lucas-Molitor

University of South Dakota, US
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Abstract

PURPOSE The study compared the impact of educating learners in interprofessional versus single profession teams using the Respecting Choices First Steps® Advance Care Planning training method. METHODS Learners in an academic program were grouped into either interprofessional or single profession teams and participated separately in Respecting Choices® Facilitator training. A PICOT question was formulated: In ACP facilitators and their clients what is the effect of an ACP educational initiative on attitudes, knowledge and behaviors when the initiative is delivered by an interprofessional compared to a single profession team of learners during a year-long pilot study? RESULTS 1. Confidence in the subject matter increased in ACP facilitators pre- to post test. 2. Interprofessional knowledge and attitudes were not different in the two teams. 3. Clients attending ACP workshops improved their scores pre- to post workshop but no difference was observed between clients of the interprofessional and the single profession team. CONCLUSION Preliminary steps beyond grouping learners into teams consisting of multiple professions will be required to impact their effectiveness over a single profession team.
How to Cite: Kupershmidt, S., Hegge, H., AbouSamra, H., Fischbach, C., Dieter, C. and Lucas-Molitor, W., 2021. Comparing the Efficacy of Interprofessional versus Single Profession Teams in Promoting Quality Conversations About Advance Care Planning. Health, Interprofessional Practice and Education, 4(2), p.eP2177. DOI: http://doi.org/10.7710/2641-1148.2177
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Published on 16 Aug 2021.
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